Patent plant variety
In recent years we see more and more new varieties breeding which are registered as patents .It
seems to be the future tendency.
Patent Variety is a variety that was registered by its breeder in the state of Israel and in other
states. Therefore, it is protected by the laws of the state.
It is forbidden to propagate, plant ,grow or market its fruit without the permit of the breeder or
Such permit is usually accompanied by paying fees to the proprietor and by signing on agreement for
not distributing the variety.
Hanani nursery has agreements with several breeders for producing plants from patent plant
Some points to consider before planting:
1. When selecting the appropriate variety which you intend to plant, take into consideration the suitability to the planting region regarding requirements such as chilling requirements, ripening time etc.
Furthermore, the choice of rootstock may be the most important consideration when selecting the appropriate variety. The rootstock has to be specifically suitable to the type of soil and climate in the planting field. It should be able to live in the conditions in your yard.
Don't forget things like disease and pest resistance.
2. It is important to check the history of your yard. The kinds of plants which were grown there in the past could affect the new planting.
3. It is essential to perform sampling of soil which will give you accurate analysis of planting area and check the presence of agrobacteria and root nematodes.
4. When you get the results of the analysis, consult a planting advisory as to disinfections of the soil and matching the rootstock to the planting yard.
Ensure that the rootstock is suitable to the variety you intend to plant.
5. Plan the planting ahead of time to enable the nursery to prepare for you the plants that you want. Don’t compromise. If the variety found in the nursery doesn’t suit you, don’t take it.
6. After selecting the nursery, you ought to be involved in selecting the sources of the propagation (rootstock and variety combination). The requirement is that the rootstock- variety combination is virus free and labeled. You are advised to visit the orchard where from the propagation is taken during the picking season. Make sure that this is the variety that you want.
7. Visit the nursery at least once at the time of producing the plants. Express your opinion and remarks when necessary.
8. Before the shipment, make sure to see the plants in the nursery.
Make sure that they are in the conditions that were agreed upon with the nursery.
9. Verify that the plants were produced according to the regulations of the P.P.I.S.
10. Demand the appropriate certifications and permissions: P.P.I.S., ISO9000 standard, inspection of the plants – free of nematodes
11. Keep the division and labeling of the different varieties both through shipment and unloading in the orchard.
12. Get proper written instructions from the nursery as to the shipment and planting - act accordingly.
13. Plant according to an organized plan. Prepare a detailed map of the orchard. Put signs at the beginning of every row. Put a label on trees within the row when necessary.(for instance –pollinated)
14. Get to know the appropriate growth protocol of the of plants variety planted by you. (the protocols appear in Shaham site). Work accordingly and consult the nursery instructor when necessary.
Young plants are different from mature trees therefore pay attention to the use of different pesticides and especially weed pesticides.
15. Consult with the nursery as to problems raised during the first years of the growing plants in the orchard. You can also ask for suggestions how to improve the plants.
Following a couple easy steps will ensure that you get a representative soil sample of whatever area you are testing.
You will get an accurate identification of plant disease problems
such as root nematodes from the soil sample.
1. It is necessary to take samples when the soil is still wet.
2. The samples should be taken from the top five to twenty centimeters of soil. The weight of each sample will be about 300 to 400 grams.
3. Take several different samples from all around, particularly samples of the soil around weeds or wild shrubs/bushes that grow there.
4. The more uniform the samples you take, the more accurate the results will be. The sample should be representative. Take one sample from every 5 to 10 dunams . (a dunam = 1,000 square meters). Each sample will be taken from 5-7 sampling places. If the area in question is not homogenous or if it had a different cultivar in the past, take a separate sample from each yard.
5. Every sample should include wet soil and roots.
6. Place the samples in a sealable plastic bags. Label each bag and send it to a Plant Disease Diagnostic Laboratory that assist clients in the identification of plant disease problems such
as nematodes. (Dr. Yevgeni Kozutzi, Nematode lab P.O.B. 78 Beit Dagan. It can be sent by mail , phone: 03-9681547)
7. Keep the samples in a cool and shady place. Send it to the laboratory as soon as possible.
8. It is recommended to send a representative soil sample to identify another plant disease problem known as agrobacterium.
Send the sample to Dr. Shula Menolis, The department for plant diseases, Beit Dagan P.O.B. 50250, Phone: 03 – 6983685.
9. We advise you to send the sample results to us as well to fax 04-9593714.
10. If nematodes or agro bacterium were identified , get advice and effective plant disease management recommendations from a professional consultants
11. The following illustration shows you how to take samples from the area