Peach, Nactarine
Persimmon, Quince
Plum, Apricot
Apple, Pear
Cherry
Pomegranate
Almond
Rootstocks

 

Planting Information

 

 

Patent plant variety

 

In recent years we see more and more new varieties breeding which are registered as patents .It

 

 seems to be the future tendency.

 

Patent Variety is a variety that was registered by its breeder in the state of Israel and in other

 

 states. Therefore,  it is protected by the laws of the state.

 

It is forbidden to propagate, plant ,grow or market its fruit without the permit of the breeder or

 

 his representative.

 

Such permit is usually accompanied by paying fees to the proprietor and by signing on agreement for

 

 not distributing the variety.

 

Hanani nursery has agreements with several breeders for producing plants from patent plant

 

 varieties.

 

 

Some points to consider before planting:

1.  When selecting the appropriate variety which you intend to plant, take into consideration the suitability to the planting region regarding requirements such as chilling requirements, ripening time etc.

    Furthermore, the choice of rootstock may be the most important consideration when selecting the appropriate variety. The rootstock has to be specifically suitable to the type of soil and climate in the planting field. It should be able to live in the conditions in your yard.

Don't forget things like disease and pest resistance.

 

2.  It is important to check the history of your yard. The kinds of plants which were grown there in the past could affect the new planting.

 

3.  It is essential to perform sampling of soil which will give you accurate analysis of planting area and check the presence of agrobacteria and   root nematodes.

 

4. When you get the results of the analysis, consult a planting advisory as  to disinfections of the soil and matching the rootstock to the planting yard.

Ensure that the rootstock is suitable to the variety you intend to plant.

 

5. Plan the planting ahead of time to enable the nursery to prepare for you the plants that you want. Don’t compromise. If the variety found in the nursery doesn’t suit you, don’t take it.

 

6. After selecting the nursery, you ought to be involved in selecting the sources of the propagation  (rootstock and variety combination). The requirement is that the rootstock- variety combination is virus free and labeled. You are advised to visit the orchard where from the propagation is taken during the picking season. Make sure that this is the variety that you want.

 

7. Visit the nursery at least once at the time of producing the plants. Express your opinion and remarks when necessary.

 

8. Before the shipment, make sure to see the plants in the nursery.

    Make sure that they are in the conditions that were agreed upon with the nursery.

 

9. Verify that the plants were produced according to the regulations of the P.P.I.S.

 

10. Demand the appropriate certifications and permissions: P.P.I.S., ISO9000 standard, inspection of the plants – free of nematodes

 

11. Keep the division and labeling of the different varieties both through shipment and unloading in the orchard.

 

12. Get proper written instructions from the nursery as to the shipment and planting - act accordingly.

 

13. Plant according to an organized plan. Prepare a detailed map of the orchard. Put signs at the beginning of every row. Put a label on trees within the row when necessary.(for instance –pollinated)

 

14. Get to know the appropriate growth protocol of the of plants variety planted by you. (the protocols appear in Shaham site). Work accordingly and consult the nursery instructor when necessary.

Young plants are different from mature trees therefore pay attention to the use of different pesticides and especially weed pesticides.

 

15. Consult with the nursery as to problems raised during the first years of the growing plants in the orchard. You can also ask for suggestions how to improve the plants.

 

 

 

 

Soil Testing

 

Following a couple easy steps will ensure that you get a representative soil sample of whatever area you are testing.

You will get an accurate identification of plant disease problems

such as root nematodes from the soil sample.

1. It is necessary to take samples when the soil is still wet.

 

2. The samples should be taken from the top five to twenty centimeters of soil. The weight of each sample will be about 300 to 400 grams.

 

3. Take several different samples from all around, particularly   samples of the soil around weeds or wild shrubs/bushes that grow there.

 

4.  The more uniform the samples you take, the more accurate  the results will be.  The sample should be representative. Take one  sample from every  5 to 10  dunams . (a dunam = 1,000 square meters).   Each sample will be taken from 5-7 sampling  places. If the area in question is not homogenous or if it had a different cultivar  in the past, take  a separate sample from each yard.

 

5.   Every sample should include wet soil and roots.

 

6.  Place the samples in a sealable plastic bags. Label each bag and send it to a Plant Disease Diagnostic Laboratory  that assist clients in the identification of plant disease problems  such

     as   nematodes. (Dr. Yevgeni Kozutzi, Nematode lab P.O.B. 78 Beit Dagan.  It can be sent by mail , phone: 03-9681547)

 

7. Keep the samples  in a cool and shady place.   Send it to the laboratory  as soon as possible.

 

8. It is recommended to send a representative soil sample to identify another  plant disease problem known as agrobacterium.

   Send the sample to Dr. Shula Menolis, The department for plant diseases,  Beit  Dagan P.O.B. 50250, Phone: 03 – 6983685.

 

9.  We advise you  to send the sample results to us as well to fax 04-9593714.

 

10.  If nematodes or agro bacterium were identified , get advice and  effective  plant disease management recommendations  from  a professional consultants 

 

11. The following  illustration shows you how to take samples from the area

       in question:

 

 

        

  

 PLANTING INSTRUCTIONS          

 

 

1. Containers should be kept in cooling until planting.

 

2. After removal of plants from the container they should be kept for     the duration of the planting process covered, wet and shaded.

3. Roots should not be cut, holes should be made to fit roots size.

 

4. Planting should be done so as the graft point is 5-8 cm off the ground.

 

5. It is recommended to plant in a hole, which is wet or filled with water.

 

6. The soil covering should be complete and tight around the plant.

 

7. Right after planting, plants should be irrigated so that the water tightens the soil and no air pockets form in the roots.

 

8. Irrigation system should be checked to make sure water is reaching the plant’s roots.

 

9. After planting the uppercut should be re cut  (do not cut more then 0.5 cm) and applied immediately with tree paste for the quick healing of tree wounds  after pruning or breakage to prevent dryness and fungus.

 

10. Consult your orchard consultant as to the rest of the treatment.

 

 

  

 

 

The Hanani Nursery produces varieties of plants:

1. Seasonal/annual bare root plants, spring plants grafting  (peach, nectarine, apricot, apple)

2.  Perennial/biennal (summer/autumn) bare root plants, autumn plants grafting

 (Plum, apple, pear, cherry, persimmon)

3. Plants in growth bags (6 liter):

Peach, plum and almonds on 677 from plant tissue culture.             

 Apricot on apricot seedling / 2729,

Cherry on Colt, Mahaleb or MM2,

Peach, almond and plum on Hansen 536 ,

Pear on Betelifolia, BA29/Ohxf 97.

4. ISRAELI PLANT- plants produced according to our protocols. They are also supervised by external supervisor according to the Israeli Plant supervision.The plants are separately labeled. The plants also carry the Israeli Plant Label 

 

 

 

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 BSmart בניית אתרים 

    Zohar Hanani Beit Lehem Haglilit  36007 Israel            Tel: 972-505343518    Fax:972-4-9535714            

 e-mail:  hanani@inter.net.il